Maulana Sayyid Abul A'la Maududi (1903-1979), one of the chief architects and leaders of the contemporary Islamic resurgence, is the most outstanding Islamic thinker and writer of our time. He devoted his entire life to expounding the meaning and message of Islam, inviting individuals to renew their commitment to their Creator, and to organizing a movement to establish Islam fully. In this struggle, he had to pass through all kinds of suffering: between 1948 and 1967, he was put behind bars on four occasions, spending a total of five years in different prisons of Pakistan; in 1953, he was also sentenced to death by a Martial Law court for writing a 'seditious' pamphlet, this sentence later being commuted to life imprisonment. In 1941, he founded Jama'at Islami, of which he remained Amir '(Chief) until 1972 and which is one of the most prominent Islamic movements of our day. He· authored more than a hundred works on Islam, both scholarly and popular, and his writings have been translated into forty languages.